Pioneer anomaly and the elimination of friction
Alexandr An.Votyakov, Anatoliy Al.Votyakov
Why do people study physics? They obviously try to reveal new laws of nature, or new elementary particles, new types of interactions and thus to make worthy contribution to the human development...
And if to be truthful and not to lie to oneself, we can say it shorter: to prove that one is the cleverest creature in a manner. But can you solve this task without a clear-cut plan? I think you cannot. So what should we do? First of all, we shall study history to learn something from the experience of our predecessors, and go on with the right conclusions made.
There are many successful examples in the history of physics, but I like the story of Archimedes the most. Archimedes interconnected two phenomena, which had not been interconnected by anybody else before. A goldsmith made a crown for a king. The king suspected the goldsmith of robbing him by putting some silver instead of gold in the crown. To find out the truth, the king came to Archimedes, and Archimedes started to think over the urgent political problem. The decision came unexpectedly, when he was taking a bath and noticed that the water overflowed.
Another one would get angry, would cry at the slave because he poured too much water and would order to flog him not to make him spoil his mood for the whole day. But Archimedes made different conclusions from this. Water does not compress, so a body displaces the volume of water equal to its own volume. A log does not sink only because it displaces more water in weight than it weighs itself, therefore it sinks until the gravity center of the log-water system goes down. It turns out that the water displaced with the body pushes out the body with its weight. (Well, how simple it is!) And as everyone now taking a bath is able to come to the same conclusion, Archimedes jumps out naked and runs about the city crying madly: “Eureka!” In this way he announced to people that he was the first who made the conclusion, and all the rest were late – they were after him! He had to run around the city to make everybody know that he was the first. People thought in a different way though: “Archimedes might got crazy in his old age, as a sane man would not run along the street naked shouting God knows what ”. And only many years afterwards his fellow citizens realized that they had been fools compared to Archimedes, because the show he arranged made him immortal.
Let us pass to the conclusions. It is good to make such a conclusion, which could be made by anyone but not only by a person spent all his life studying and teaching. It is great if this conclusion connects two famous phenomena, one of which is secret and unclear, while the other one has nothing secret at all. In the times of Archimedes, such mysterious phenomenon was the ability of a body to float in water, while the water capacity to overflow was not a surprise. It would be useful to follow this outstanding discovery with some startling, well-memorable show. And finally it is necessary to find a brief name to what you discovered.
I managed to do something nobody did before – to fully eliminate friction in the classical experiment where balls move on a billiard table. Sir Isaac Newton thought that if the friction force is fully eliminated, the ball will move straight-line and uniformly – the Newton first law. He was wrong: when I fully eliminated friction, the ball refused moving uniformly. I was outraged, but it was difficult to argue with the ball, because the opinions of our supreme authorities – Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein – did not produce any effect on the ball.
As well as Archimedes, I eliminated friction using my reasoning only, I think you might be interested in reading them – at least because after the publication of the book “Dialogue Concerning The Two Chief World Systems" by Galileo Galilei in 1632, which gave the first definitions for: the Newton ’s first law, the law of superposition and the law of movement relativity - almost 400 years passed; and if there had been any considerations on how to eliminate friction completely, they would have certainly been published already.
And at this moment I realize with horror that the problem I raised – to acquaint you with my considerations on how to eliminate friction completely – cannot be solved as you will not read them. Nevertheless, there is a way out of this deadlock – it is not me but you who will represent the considerations step by step, which shall assure me of your complete elimination of the balls friction on a billiard table.
So, the game is – you found out that somebody has revealed such considerations. Your response to that – well, I am not worse than him/her, I will also think for a while and will find my own considerations on this topic, and they will also be no worse than that! At first you make a plan.
[Due to a large number of formulas and diagrams, the entire article is not published here.]
The full PDF version of the article may be downloaded below:
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